What Is Periodontitis?

Learn about the symptoms and types of periodontitis.

Learn about the symptoms and types of periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a gum infection that causes damage to the soft tissue and destroys the done that supports teeth, and can result in loose teeth or even tooth loss. You may have heard that periodontitis is common, but the good news is that it is very preventable with proper oral hygiene. At Affinity Dental, our staff periodontist provides specialized care to patients when needed.


Healthy gums should be firm to the touch, a pale pink color, and fit closely around the teeth. Signs of symptoms of periodontitis include gums that look swollen or puffy, bright red or slightly purple, feel tender when touched, bleed easily, or gums that recede from teeth. Other symptoms include pus between the teeth and gums, bad breath, loose teeth, or if you notice a change in the way your teeth fit together when biting.

Types Of Periodontitis

There are several different types of periodontitis, but the most common types are chronic, aggressive, and necrotizing periodontal disease. Chronic periodontitis is the most common type, as it mostly affects adults, but can also affect children. It is caused by plaque buildup and involves slow deterioration over time, and can destroy the gums and bone and teeth loss if it goes untreated.

Aggressive periodontitis often begins in childhood or early adulthood, but only affects a small number of people. It typically affects families and causes quick progression of bone and tooth loss if not treated. Lastly, necrotizing periodontal disease is characterized by the death of gum tissue, tooth ligaments, and supporting bone caused by a lack of blood supply. This results in a severe infection, and generally only occurs in those with a suppressed immune system.

What Does A Periodontist Do?

A periodontist specializes in treating gingivitis, periodontal disease, and other gum issues. At Affinity Dental, our dentists will evaluate the state of your periodontal, or gum, health during your visit and make recommendations for further treatment, such as a visit with our staff periodontist, Dr. Kathryn Mutzig, to provide specialized care.  

Keep Your Smile Healthy with Affinity

While these tips can help with some tooth and gum sensitivity issues, we know the best way of correcting the problem is to visit your dentist regularly. Affinity Dental, located in Catonsville, MD, has six dentists and provides a variety of services from pediatric dentistry to orthodontics. Affinity Dental is capable of meeting all your needs. With 170 combined years of treating a variety of dental needs, Affinity is committed to providing quality dental care. To get your teeth back into good health and make your smile bright, call us at 410-719-7900 or contact us online. For other useful tips on dental care follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Google+.

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